Ease of doing business

Support innovators as they navigate the regulatory environment

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 12/02/2016 1480715743
INTRODUCTION Mining is an industry that has built-in dangers not seen in all sectors, especially in ultra-deep environments below 2.5km underground l .... Read more

INTRODUCTION

Mining is an industry that has built-in dangers not seen in all sectors, especially in ultra-deep environments below 2.5km underground like those addressed by the Ultra-Deep Mining Network (UDMN).  Rock can shift, air quality could change, and equipment might fail with catastrophic consequences.   As such, mining companies are naturally risk averse, focused on safety, and Canada’s regulatory environment serves an important role in building trust in the quality and safety of new innovations.

CHALLENGES

There are arguments against simplifying and streamlining Canada’s regulatory environment.  In mining, regulations act as an important barrier to competitive entry and enable risk taking SMEs to capture commensurate rewards that drive further innovation.   While more entrants could be attracted to the mining industry if regulations were to become less onerous, this could be at the expense of safety, the environment, and the innovation landscape.

SOLUTIONS

By providing support to innovators seeking to navigate the regulatory landscape, the government could focus on offsetting the costs and administrative time delays associated with getting certifications and incentivize mining companies to simplify and streamline their procurement processes for Canadian innovators.  Plus, by supporting networks that provide regulatory advisory services to innovators, the government in turn supports vetted innovators technologies that make a difference for the mining industry without sacrificing safety and credibility.

*Note:  For information about the Ultra-Deep Mining Network, please visit: https://www.miningdeep.ca/

Credit: Ultra-Deep Mining Network

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Federal Office of Counterfeiting Piracy and Fraud

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 11/18/2016 1479485533
Tags:
Did you know Canada is on the U.S. Government's 2015 Notorious Markets list?  (See submission for source reference) The office of the U.S. Trade Rep .... Read more

Did you know Canada is on the U.S. Government's 2015 Notorious Markets list?  (See submission for source reference)

The office of the U.S. Trade Representative's 2016 Special 301 Report process continually identify Canada as a country which does not provide adequate and effective protection to persons that rely on intellectual property rights. (See submission for source reference) 

With the intention to provide adequate protection to Canadian innovators, consumers and legitimate business from the increasing dangers of counterfeit goods and online piracy, and to keep pace with a rapidly changing global marketplace, the CACN proposes a Federal Office of Counterfeiting, Piracy and Fraud 

Credit: The Canadian Anti-counterfeiting Network, Brand owners from around the world.

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Be able to suspend current laws to allow for innovation and experimentation

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 11/17/2016 1479415458
Did you know that a number of countries have mechanisms to suspend their current laws to allow for innovation/experimentation? Canada should do the sa .... Read more

Did you know that a number of countries have mechanisms to suspend their current laws to allow for innovation/experimentation? Canada should do the same. 

France has a program called “France Experimentation”.  Under France’s program, anyone who has an ambitious and innovative project to market new products or services and whose development is hindered or impeded by certain regulatory provisions can apply. Several experiments were deployed in areas as diverse as social policy, justice, and environmental law. Read more here (Google had to translate the page for me as it is in French): http://www.entreprises.gouv.fr/politique-et-enjeux/france-experimentation

Japan has a program allowing companies to test prototypes of innovative products and services in an area that conflicts with existing regulations: the "System of Special Arrangements for Corporate Field Tests". Under the system, a private company is eligible to make a request to the Japanese government specifying deregulations of the current law which are required for launching new business activities. In response, a competent minister for business and a competent minister for regulation will examine and discuss the request to determine whether or not the request should be approved. This program allowed the Japanese government to respond positively to 9 applications for regulatory flexibility (including 4 from SMEs) that have allowed testing new electric mobility devices on roads in the city of Tsukuba ( http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2015/0427_03.html) and increasing the maximum threshold power electric bicycles to facilitate the work of bicycle deliverymen (Yamaha Delivery and Yamato).

In the UK, since May 2016, the "Regulatory sandbox" aims to create a ‘safe space’ in which businesses can test innovative products, services, business models and delivery mechanisms in a live environment without immediately incurring all the normal regulatory consequences of engaging in the activity in question. It is explained in detail in this speech by Christopher Woolard, FCA Director of Strategy and Competition, delivered at the Innovate Finance Global Summit on 11 April 2016.

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Ease of navigation of services and highlighting success stories

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 11/06/2016 1478473093
Tags: service 
Make it easy for SMEs to find the services they need to pursue their innovative ideas.  Currently the Canada Business Link site lists the many servic .... Read more

Make it easy for SMEs to find the services they need to pursue their innovative ideas.  Currently the Canada Business Link site lists the many services available.  This could be improved by adding a few qualifying questions (e.g. stage of idea, province) and then the applicable resources could be suggested.  This would help the entrepreneur find what they need quickly.  We could also highlight success stories of companies that have utilized the resources.  Add an "alert" section and provide a newsletter to keep SMEs engaged in innovation as new programs are developed or new success stories are provided.

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An innovative approach to innovation: centering small businesses on the agenda

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 11/04/2016 1478282022
Ensuring that Canadian laws, regulations and standards keep pace with rapid change and promote innovation as well as a business environment that is .... Read more

Ensuring that Canadian laws, regulations and standards keep pace with rapid change and promote innovation as well as a business environment that is conducive to innovation

  • Introduce an “innovation lens” that governments use when implementing new regulations, policies and taxes to ensure that these do not negatively impact a firm’s ability to innovate. This lens will ensure that SMEs won’t have to choose between being compliant and being innovative.
    • Policies should be looked at through an innovation lens to ensure that they do not negatively impact SMEs ability to innovate. They include:
      • Increasing Canada Pension Plan premiums for employers
      • Carbon taxes
      • The cancellation of further reductions to the Small Business Tax Rate
      • Workplace regulation changes that affect productivity (e.g. flexible working hours, statutory holidays, etc.)
  • Make red tape reduction a priority and carefully consider the need for all new regulation and its impact on small business by strengthening the One-for-One rule when implementing new regulatory requirements;
  • Ensure that accountability measures remain in place to ensure that the regulatory burden does not become a roadblock to SME innovation. Continue to publicly measure and report government regulations and include regulatory requirements in legislation and policy as part of the baseline count;
  • Improve government communications, program information and application forms for innovation by ensuring that all information provided is written in plain language. Government officials should also provide straightforward and consistent advice regarding government programs and requirements in a timely manner;
  • Review the government’s Concierge service to ensure that it is providing small business owners with information about all government programs that may be useful or relevant to the work they are doing. Make sure that the service also provides information to SMEs undertaking innovative work outside the high-tech sector;
  • Provide timely and simple feedback and decision-making in cases dealing with funding or other financial matters. Government regulators and customer service agents should be mindful of the unique risks and limitations that small businesses face when seeking financing for innovation;

Promoting the freedom to compete in a global economy and lowering barriers to allow Canadian businesses to prosper at home and abroad

  • Engage with provincial and territorial governments to ensure that the new agreement of internal trade is implemented and eliminates current barriers to labour, goods and services between provinces and territories. Mutual recognition of trades, skills and certifications is a critical ingredient to reducing the shortage of skilled labour for SMEs. Additionally, open borders between provinces will allow for SMEs to grow their market share and better network with other like-minded innovative Canadian companies.
  • Reduce barriers to international trade to allow SMEs better access to new markets and new technologies abroad by cutting red tape at the border and reducing the overall costs of trading. Provide easily accessible and SME-focused information on trade and raise awareness of trade programs and ensure that they are relevant for SMEs;
  • Continue to engage in international trade agreements, such as CETA, that aim to reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade for SMEs such as red tape, discriminatory licences and permits, and certifications. Trade agreements such as these ensure a more transparent, stable and predictable trading and investment environment for small businesses. Additionally, they allow for better technology-sharing with companies outside Canada.

*For full list of recommendations, see attached CFIB report on SMEs and innovation, Beyond the Big Idea: Redefining and Rethinking the Innovation Agenda 

Credit: Canadian Federation of Independent Business

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IP ownership for government-funded space R&D

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/27/2016 1477605655
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the US is explicitly mandated to ensure that the intellectual property generated over the .... Read more

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the US is explicitly mandated to ensure that the intellectual property generated over the course of work supported by NASA grants and funding remains with the company, and not (exclusively) with the US government.  Moreover, NASA makes it policy to not stockpile patents, but make the results of their research and development freely available to American industry.  Their overarching objective is to ensure that the benefits of NASA funding are returned to American industry.  NASA makes their database of technical reports freely available on line, and recently made their entire catalogue of all software programs and tools developed through NASA work available, free of charge, to American companies. 

Here in Canada, the Canadian Space Agency has no such mandate and it is common for IP generated by companies or organizations supported by CSA funding to belong to the federal government, and not to the company that created it.  Lack of ownership of IP is a serious disincentive to companies, and much valuable research thus becomes locked away and never progresses anywhere or benefits anyone. 

The Canadian Government should give the Canadian Space Agency the same clear mandate that NASA has, to work as a partner and facilitator to Canadian businesses and organizations and support technology transfer to Canadian entities.  IP generated through CSA-funded work should as a rule be retained by the company or organization that performs the work.

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Shift government from silos to cross-sector co-creation

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/27/2016 1477603930
A key design principle, to advance the breaking down of silos and better cross-sector collaboration, would be to shift from building further innovatio .... Read more

A key design principle, to advance the breaking down of silos and better cross-sector collaboration, would be to shift from building further innovation assets in-house (i.e.: each public sector department hosts an innovation lab) and broker partnerships with outside nonprofits and businesses. This will enable more flexibly managed hybrid innovation platforms serving multiple departments and institutions. Such new platforms would sit just outside government (but foster a government sense of co-ownership) that would encourage multi-sector collaboration and build a culture enhancing co-creation (where different parties work together to create something of value, e.g. government and citizens and/or outside of government entities) and innovation objectives.

Credit: Social Innovation Generation

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Create a National Inclusive Innovation Agency and National Social Innovation Council

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/27/2016 1477603856
Building on the experience of other national platforms like Nesta, the UK government endowed foundation for innovation, provide an endowment for an ar .... Read more

Building on the experience of other national platforms like Nesta, the UK government endowed foundation for innovation, provide an endowment for an arm’s length integrated innovation ecosystem building platform. Its role would be to mainstream social innovation by devising and supporting strategies enabling business, government, academic researchers and social sector organizations to weave assets in co-creative ways to generate, deploy and scale high-impact innovations serving society.

 

The Inclusive Innovation Agency would provide the secretariat function for the Social Innovation Council: a government-appointed 5-year advisory council tapping social innovation expertise and networks from the community and business sectors, to guide the deployment and evolution of integrating social innovation into the federal government’s innovation agenda. Note: one or two participants could bridge international experience (e.g. from UK’s Nesta, etc).

Credit: Social Innovation Generation

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Update policy to unlock Canada’s social assets

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/27/2016 1477603767
Canada’s charities and nonprofits are essential actors for successfully deploying inclusive innovation, developing both frontline and systems in .... Read more

Canada’s charities and nonprofits are essential actors for successfully deploying inclusive innovation, developing both frontline and systems innovations that advance and distribute our collective prosperity. Unfortunately, the federal charity regulatory regime currently encumbers this sector’s innovation prowess. A set of reforms would unlock critical social assets across Canada:

  1. Create an arm’s length agency to replace Canada Revenue Agency - Charities Division as the regulator for charities and nonprofits.
  2. Modernize treatment of charity/nonprofit earned income (unleashing growth of nonprofit social enterprises).
  3. Replace the “direction and control of funds” test for charitable grants with a “destination of funds” test to make it less difficult to do charitable activities with multi-sector, innovation partner-based arrangements.
  4. Legislate a new form of incorporation for blended or shared value companies, such as British Columbia’s Community Contribution Companies.
  5. Implement a federal social procurement policy to assist scaling existing and future evidence-based social innovations that positively transform outcomes for Canadians.
Credit: Social Innovation Generation

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Support improved broadband services in small and remote communities

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/27/2016 1477572932
Tags:
In an information and knowledge-based economy, reliable, high-speed internet is key. (It's also important for higher education, and access to range of .... Read more

In an information and knowledge-based economy, reliable, high-speed internet is key. (It's also important for higher education, and access to range of other services and info increasingly delivered online).  Focusing on supporting access to reliable high-speed internet in small and remote communities would help balance the distribution of economic activity, which tends to concentrate in high-cost metro areas. It would also help boost economic development in rural and remote regions. We need to support innovation across the country.

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Facilitating entrepreneurial aerospace innovation by leveraging government facilities and expertise

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/27/2016 1477542291
Innovation in the aerospace sector is often perceived as being dominated by large companies and government agencies, but historically a great deal of .... Read more

Innovation in the aerospace sector is often perceived as being dominated by large companies and government agencies, but historically a great deal of innovation has come from outside of these channels.  Such fundamental inventions as the airplane and the liquid-propellant rocket were the work of individuals and amateurs, and many of the people who were instrumental in the early days of both aviation and space exploration got their start working either individually or as part of small groups of like-minded enthusiasts. 

Today this trend is continuing with the rapid development worldwide of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology, low-cost spacecraft and space launch technology, among others, and much of that work is being driven by small startups, student and amateur groups, and even individuals.  Yet here in Canada, these innovators are severely handicapped by a lack of support.  

One invaluable means by which the government could, at little to no cost, encourage the work of such innovators would be to mandate that, where possible, government facilities such as Canadian Forces bases, NRC or CSA facilities be made available to support their work.  As one example, student and amateur groups, small startups and private innovators would benefit enormously from having access to large areas such as CF bases to fly experimental UAVs, launch small rockets and test experimental propulsion systems.  For most small groups or individuals with very limited resources, access to a suitable large, secure area with clear airspace that is reasonably accessible can be a severe and oftentimes insurmountable challenge.  The government however has access to many such spaces that would be suitable and safe, as well as to experienced personnel and experts whose expertise and knowledge of safety might be a benefit. 

Other countries like the United States have a well established culture of amateur aerospace innovation and many facilities such as the Mojave Air & Space Port and Spaceport America are available to such non-corporate innovators and student groups who would not be able to pursue their projects otherwise.  That relative ease of access has both enabled invaluable hands-on experience to be gained, and has also been instrumental in facilitating the creation of many startup companies, including the well-known Virgin Galactic and SpaceX.  An easy way to achieve some of the same benefits here in Canada at little cost to the government would be to promote the use of existing government land and facilities to play host to experimental unmanned flights, launches and tests, and put in place a simple, efficient process by which groups, individuals and small startups can gain permission for that use.

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Harmonization and the pre-eminence of the national model building code development process

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/19/2016 1476892634
Tags:
The harmonization of codes, standards, and trades qualifications across jurisdictions increases labour mobility and productivity, reduces costs and pr .... Read more

The harmonization of codes, standards, and trades qualifications across jurisdictions increases labour mobility and productivity, reduces costs and promotes innovation. The federal government must continue to support and encourage the elimination of inter-provincial trade barriers.

 

For the residential construction industry, the government should ensure that changes in building code requirements do not adversely impact housing affordability. Federal research in housing, both for innovation and in support of codes, standards and regulations, should focus on performance improvements that either reduce or keep construction costs the same.

The National Building Code of Canada, which is the backbone of building codes and regulations across Canada, supports harmonization, productivity and efficiency. However, it is chronically underfunded and needs additional support to properly support innovation without eroding affordability.

Federal, provincial and territorial governments should affirm the pre-eminence of the national model building code development process (including the key roles of the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes, the Canadian Construction and Materials Centre, and the Industrial Research Assistance Program) as it pertains to the residential construction industry.

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Small Business Lens

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/19/2016 1476892556
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Government should view current and proposed regulations through the lens of a small business, aiming to discern what particular difficulties small bus .... Read more

Government should view current and proposed regulations through the lens of a small business, aiming to discern what particular difficulties small businesses might face in complying with proposed regulations, and what the government might do to alleviate the difficulty while still achieving the desired goal.

Along these lines, the government needs to continue providing timely and responsive services to employers in a variety of fashions (i.e. on-line, phone and in-person).  Employers need to be able to quickly identify the available services and obtain the required information on the given subject.

Credit: Canadian Home Builders' Association

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One-for-One

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/19/2016 1476892525
Tags:
The federal government should continue efforts to reduce the regulatory burden on small businesses. Unnecessary regulations and inefficient red tape a .... Read more

The federal government should continue efforts to reduce the regulatory burden on small businesses. Unnecessary regulations and inefficient red tape add to costs and undermine industry’s capacity to operate effectively.

Government as a whole should adopt the “One-for-One” Rule when considering business regulations - removing one requirement for each new one it adds. This would help reduce the administrative burden placed on business.

Credit: Canadian Home Builders' Association

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Promote the Canada Business Network and its website

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/15/2016 1476496834
Tags: accelerators  growth 
The Canada Business Network and its website :http://www.canadabusiness.ca/eng/ is really great for businesses. The website  is like an unique counter .... Read more

The Canada Business Network and its website :http://www.canadabusiness.ca/eng/ is really great for businesses. The website  is like an unique counter for businesses.

Credit: Canada Business Network

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Sustainable Growth with the Canadian High Speed Rail Transportation Strategy

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/12/2016 1476242778
Canada is a beautiful and vast nation. The majority of the Canadian population lives in urban centers like Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. Unfortunat .... Read more

Canada is a beautiful and vast nation. The majority of the Canadian population lives in urban centers like Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. Unfortunately, this puts significant strain on our infrastructure and requires consistent funding by all level of government to modernize.  I find that most of our tax dollars are devoted to fund the same old projects – i.e., build or revamp highways, etc. Hence, I propose that we re-examine and develop a new high speed rail strategy.  Just imagine a world where an individual can live in Montreal and commute to Toronto for work and be back home on time for dinner with the family or a student that does not have to take on more debt to live in Ottawa just so they can purse a Bachelor degree at University of Ottawa instead the can live with their parents in Montréal.

Overall high speed rail can have many indirect benefits in our economy from reduction in house prices in high density metropolitan areas as people will be able to live further away and it can also create a multiplier effect on small businesses as they can flourish in smaller city which can be used as stop over hubs for longer commutes between Montreal to Calgary. Moreover, we can re-train all the journey / trades men or women that have been out of work to help build the high speed rail infrastructure.  Not only will this strategy lead us in the right direction in regard to meeting our international emission targets but it will also create green manufacturing jobs of the future. I look forward to discussing this idea with other like-minded Canadians.

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Provincial differences seen as innovation hurdle

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/11/2016 1476218034
Tags:
"It would be good if in Canada we had one common financial regulatory regime that made it easy for a startup to do business in all the different provi .... Read more

"It would be good if in Canada we had one common financial regulatory regime that made it easy for a startup to do business in all the different provinces of Canada, instead of having to satisfy potential regulators,"

"The provincial control over financial regulation is a minor [impediment]" he said.

http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/ic/articles/unrestricted/2016/10/ic2016103487957_2034.htm

Provincial differences seen as innovation hurdleHill TimesOctober 3 2016

Credit: James Brander, a professor at the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia

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Recourir aux données ouvertes pour stimuler l’innovation dans les services publics et le développement de nouveaux services aux citoyens

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/11/2016 1476210826
Tags:
Dans le cadre des consultations du Programme d'innovation du Canada, le CEFRIO formule trois propositions pour répondre aux enjeux prioritaires quan .... Read more

Dans le cadre des consultations du Programme d'innovation du Canada, le CEFRIO formule trois propositions pour répondre aux enjeux prioritaires quant à l'utilisation du numérique au pays. Faciliter la libération de données ouvertes pour stimuler l’innovation chez les citoyens et les entreprises et le développement de nouveaux services publics est la troisième proposition du CEFRIO. 

Le Canada a publié à ce jour plus de 200 000 jeux de données ouvertes. Lorsqu’elles sont ainsi libérées, les données ouvertes ont le potentiel de générer plusieurs retombées : du développement économique à l’amélioration de la prestation de services publics, jusqu’à une meilleure gouvernance de l’État.

Le CEFRIO a conduit en 2015 au Québec une mesure sur l’avancement des ministères, organismes et municipalités en matière de données ouvertes. Plus d’un ministère sur deux (60 %) avait déjà libéré des données, principalement statistiques et géospatiales, et 25 % des autres ministères avaient l’intention d’en libérer dans la prochaine année. Toutefois, 35 % des utilisateurs du portail de données ouvertes donneesquebec.ca se sont dit insatisfaits du nombre de jeux disponibles. Au-delà de la quantité, il importe aussi de s’assurer de la qualité des données, c’est-à-dire leur fiabilité, leur exhaustivité, leur mise à jour et leur niveau de granularité.

Malgré une volonté ferme des gouvernements occidentaux de libérer des données et de faire appel à la participation citoyenne, une majorité de ministères (68 %) et d’organismes (88 %) québécois sondés ne se sont pas donné de stratégie ou de politique formelle en la matière.

De plus, peu de ministères ont mis en place des mécanismes de suivi de la réutilisation des données. Leur faible connaissance des usages des données ouvertes rend difficile l’argumentaire permettant d’en faire une priorité, puisque les résultats demeurent trop souvent intangibles. Il importe donc de mettre en place des mécanismes qui dépasseront la cueillette quantitative de données pour s’intéresser aux usages réels effectués par les citoyens, chercheurs, développeurs, journalistes et autres utilisateurs, particulièrement en ce qui a trait aux nouveaux services aux citoyens ainsi développés hors de l'appareil gouvernemental, qui viennent compléter l'offre actuelle des trois paliers de gouvernement sans requérir de nouveaux investissements, dans cette ère d'optimisation des finances publiques.

La question des données ouvertes n’étant que l’un des trois pôles du gouvernement ouvert, il importe également d’entreprendre des actions en matière de participation citoyenne et de collaboration, qui découlent de la libération de données, suite logique dans l'objectif d’en arriver à une réelle culture de gouvernement ouvert.

À l’heure où les Canadiens sont des utilisateurs intensifs du numérique dans leur vie personnelle, comme en témoignent les données sur l’usage de l’Internet, du Web, des réseaux sociaux et de la mobilité, le CEFRIO estime que le défi réside dans l’émergence de nouveaux services à valeur ajoutée issus des données gouvernementales libérées. Par la libération des données, ces nouveaux services peuvent émerger à l'extérieur de l'appareil gouvernemental.

Car en plus de permettre une meilleure gouvernance de l’État, les données ouvertes peuvent générer des retombées économiques, et cela de deux façons. Premièrement, en améliorant la prestation des services publics, puis en permettant le développement d’une industrie en matière de gouvernement ouvert basée sur l’expertise-conseil, le marché d’applications et le traitement de l’information gouvernementale.

En libérant des jeux de données, plusieurs utilisateurs peuvent les réutiliser pour en faire des applications mobiles, par exemple. Ainsi, ces données permettent la création d’un nouveau marché. Le développement d’applications se fait par des entreprises existantes ou nouvelles, réduisant les investissements et dépenses des gouvernements. Donc, « l’accès libre et ouvert aux données permet d’optimiser l’utilisation et la valeur de ces données ».

Ce nouveau marché favorise ainsi la création d'emplois, de même que de nouveaux produits et services. Par ailleurs, il favorise la croissance de l’économie du savoir, notamment en étant un soutien à la recherche et aux marchés connexes. En fait, la libération des données est un soutien à l’innovation, puisque « l’accès aux connaissances sous forme de données appuie l’innovation dans le secteur privé en réduisant les répétitions et en favorisant la réutilisation de données existantes ».

La Commission européenne estime qu'entre 2016 et 2020, les données ouvertes auront ainsi créé un marché de 325 milliards d'euros et créé plus de 25 000 emplois directs, en plus d'avoir produit 1,7 milliard d'euros d'économies pour les gouvernements.

La libération de données a un grand potentiel quant à l’amélioration des services publics offerts aux citoyens. En effet, les données ouvertes peuvent compléter et améliorer l’offre gouvernementale par des services et des applications qui, développés par différents acteurs de la société, misent sur la réutilisation des données ouvertes et sur l’intelligence collective (crowdsourcing).

Pour toutes ces raisons, le CEFRIO propose de :

  • Établir un indice annuel sur l’évolution du gouvernement ouvert au Canada, dans l’esprit de ce que le Québec a commencé à bâtir en 2015, afin de dresser un portrait national de la libération des données;
  • Stimuler l’usage des données ouvertes, de manière à voir émerger une plus-value en matière de services publics aux entreprises et aux citoyens (nouveaux services s’appuyant sur l’intégration des données ouvertes);
  • Valoriser les meilleures pratiques canadiennes en matière de données ouvertes, et de ce fait, encourager les développeurs à en faire des usages d’intérêt pour la prestation de nouveaux services.

Consultez les autres propositions du CEFRIO :http://cefr.io/3prop

 

Credit: CEFRIO

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Reduce and have efficient regulations

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 10/06/2016 1475721161
Tags: accelerators 
Before putting new regulations in place,there should be a consultation as broad as possible : maybe the regulation is not needed or the regulation doe .... Read more

Before putting new regulations in place,there should be a consultation as broad as possible : maybe the regulation is not needed or the regulation does not pass the cost-benefit test.Every year, there should be a review of existing regulations : the obsolete, ineffective regulations should be abolished.

Credit: MacDonald-Laurier Institute, Cato Institute

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Tax Incentives to Extend Runway and Encourage Growth

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/05/2016 1475702970
Use Tax Policies to Incentivize Investment into Canadian Health Science Companies and Support Growth and Ongoing Operations in Canada through Programs .... Read more

Use Tax Policies to Incentivize Investment into Canadian Health Science Companies and Support Growth and Ongoing Operations in Canada through Programs that Help Extend Runway

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Worker owned corporations

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/05/2016 1475644140
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    Support and encourage corporations owned and operated by the workers. Support takeover of corporations by workers where the workers will  con .... Read more

 

 

Support and encourage corporations owned and operated by the workers. Support takeover of corporations by workers where the workers will  control and operate the businesses. Whenever a private owner or corporate business is indicating a willingness to close an operation, the workers should be encouraged and financed to continue to operate the business if it is in the best interest of Canada.

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bonjour

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 10/04/2016 1475580216
Tags:
Bonjour des personnes qualifiées de bonne moralités efficace et assidues au travaille des personnes rentable avec l'esprit créatif .Voir dans des p .... Read more

Bonjour des personnes qualifiées de bonne moralités efficace et assidues au travaille des personnes rentable avec l'esprit créatif .Voir dans des pays ou vous pouvez sortir le génie qui est en eux pour l’amélioration.Un pays ne s'aurai se construire  avec la main d'une seule personne ni la tête seule personne c’est la cumulation de plusieurs connaissances .

Credit: kebemi ngondji et famille

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Promote innovation in order to empower SMEs and facilitate inclusive growth

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 09/30/2016 1475268194
QUESTION: HOW CAN WE EMPOWER CANADA’S SMES AND PROMOTE INCLUSIVE GROWTH? According to Statistics Canada, there are just over one million busin .... Read more

QUESTION:

HOW CAN WE EMPOWER CANADA’S SMES AND PROMOTE INCLUSIVE GROWTH?

According to Statistics Canada, there are just over one million businesses in Canada, 99.8% of which are small or mid‑sized firms.  Between 2005 and 2015, small business created 1.12 million jobs, which accounted for 87.7% of all net new jobs created during that time period.  In order to further contribute to the economy, Canadian SMEs in every corner of the country need access to simple, affordable tools to start, run, and grow their businesses – from accepting credit cards and invoicing to tracking inventory and real-time analytics.  

SUGGESTION:

PROMOTE INNOVATION IN THE FINANCIAL SERVICES AND PAYMENTS SPACE

There are many different players in the financial services landscape in Canada.  Regardless of where these institutions come from, it is important for the Canadian government to ensure that government and industry regulations or standards encourage new entrants to introduce innovative small business solutions to the market.  Doing so allows companies like Square and other innovative industry participants to:

(1) Leverage technology for ease of doing business

Square started by providing free credit card readers, a simple sign-up process, free data analytics and a clear and simple fee structure.  From there, our offering has evolved to a full suite of services, including APIs for developers.  

(2) Promote an entrepreneurial and creative society

Square’s technology empowers anyone, anywhere, to become an entrepreneur and turn their crafts into a business.  Square sellers include mountain bike rental shops in the Yukon, axe throwing clubs in Calgary, produce markets in New Brunswick and the Pride Parade in Toronto.

(3) Use innovation to promote inclusive growth and a digital world

Square is bringing many Canadian small businesses online and enabling them to take credit card payments for the first time. Of Square’s sellers in Canada, seventy per cent have never taken a credit card payment before using Square.  Square’s products promote a digital world one where business can learn from their own data and coffee shop owners no longer have to count dirty coffee cups to gauge their inventory.

Square serves hundreds of thousands of merchants all over Canada.  Square Canada has offices in Kitchener-Waterloo and Toronto, employing 60 Canadians, with room to grow!

 

Credit: Square

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Advancing Canada's Innovation Funding Ecosystem through Enhancements to SR&ED and other Related Programs

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 09/30/2016 1475215562
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PwC's thoughts on how to enhance the overall innovation funding ecosystem in Canada through changes to the SR&ED program and the introduction or enhan .... Read more

PwC's thoughts on how to enhance the overall innovation funding ecosystem in Canada through changes to the SR&ED program and the introduction or enhancement of complementary direct funding innovation programs. Please see the attached file.

Credit: PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

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How can regulations be designed and used to drive innovation across key sectors?

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 09/29/2016 1475178052
Regulations help create the society we desire by protecting our health, the environment, our privacy, and the rights of consumers and citizens. Poorly .... Read more

Regulations help create the society we desire by protecting our health, the environment, our privacy, and the rights of consumers and citizens. Poorly designed regulations, though, can have unintended consequences such as stifling new technologies, business models, products and services.

 

Canada’s federation has a history of complicating the picture further by creating different, and sometimes incompatible, regulations in different provinces and territories which carve up the country’s relatively small and geographically dispersed marketplace into even less economical markets. This can present enormous difficulties for innovative firms trying to scale up to become internationally competitive.

 

We applaud Canada’s premiers for achieving agreement on a proposed Canadian Free Trade Agreement to replace the imperfect Agreement on Internal Trade. While we eagerly await details of the agreement, we are encouraged to hear that it includes a process for addressing regulatory barriers to trade. And perhaps even more importantly in an era of disruptive technologies, a process for cooperating to jointly develop new regulations.

 

Harmonizing or converging regulations between jurisdictions is not an easy process, but the results are worth it. The CPA profession serves as a practical example of the benefits of regulatory harmonization. CPA Canada and provincial and territorial CPA bodies have jointly developed national standards for qualification and professional conduct which ensures that the public benefits from the same consistently rigorous standards throughout the country. And just as importantly, CPAs are able to move freely around the country and work in all jurisdictions as a result of those nationally harmonized standards.

 

Earlier in this paper, we discussed the role of government procurement in building demand for Canada’s innovations. Just as important as the government’s buying power is the need for regulations that encourage innovative ideas to flourish. At a business roundtable event a couple of years ago, the president of a small manufacturing company told us how government regulations impact his product offerings.

 

“We operate in two distinct areas, one is heavily regulated and the other is not,” he said. “One of the things we find is that the market that is not regulated, we are able to bring a lot of cool new products to the marketplace. In the other market, innovation is really stifled because of regulations and an unwillingness at all levels of government to be open to innovation….The product in the unregulated market is just night and day better.”[1]

 

The key to effective regulation is to ensure the public is adequately protected without being so overly broad that new ideas are quashed. It’s not easy. Neither is the regulatory process nimble enough to keep up with the pace of technological change. But if regulators could develop an early adopter mindset and a lightness of touch, perhaps essential regulations would be less of a barrier to innovation.

 

Recommendations:

 

  • Building on the momentum of the proposed Canadian Free Trade Agreement, we encourage Canada’s federal, provincial and territorial governments to continue to harmonize, converge or mutually recognize differing regulations in order to strengthen Canada’s economic union. When new regulations are being developed, we encourage governments to work cooperatively to develop consistent regulations across jurisdictions.      

 

What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses? Who are the partners?

 

Canada’s CPAs occupy decision-making roles in businesses and organizations of all types. We encourage you to think of them as both a source of expert business knowledge and advice, and also as a potential conduit for reaching the business community. In that vein, a one-stop conduit offering easy access to the range of government programs and services for businesses is something business people would welcome.

 

Government is already doing a great deal to support innovation, with a wealth of programs that address access to finance, international trade, research and development, and advice to entrepreneurs. So much so that entrepreneurs are overwhelmed. Programs are offered through a variety of government departments and agencies, at all three levels, and small business operators, in particular, tell us they find it too challenging and time consuming to even understand all that is available to them. A “one window” or “concierge” approach to delivering government programs is always a popular suggestion from business.

 

The Jenkins report made a number of important observations about program efficiencies and the need to perhaps rationalize the range of programs available. The report also recommended a “concierge” service for assisting innovative firms.

 

Government has obviously heard this message and we commend the recent efforts to present a more coordinated and streamlined public face to government programs. In particular, the Canadian Trade Commissioners Service, the Business Development Bank of Canada, Export Development Canada and the Canadian Commercial Corporation offer a range of programs and services that are complementary. In the past couple of years, they have demonstrated a willingness to work more collaboratively in order to provide better customer service. We encourage greater collaboration between government departments and agencies. We also encourage government to consider private sector partners, when appropriate, for delivery of services.  

 

An innovation that would benefit both government and business is Standardized Business Reporting. As noted in our pre-budget submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance, Standardized Business Reporting using eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) would reduce the administrative burden faced by businesses dealing with government. It would also enable government to be more responsive and would facilitate easier exchange of information between government departments.

 

Recommendations:

  • Improve collaboration between government departments and agencies to more effectively communicate and deliver government programs to businesses. In particular, consider developing a “concierge” service that provides business with relevant information on the full range of government programs related to innovation.
  • Adopt Standardized Business Reporting using eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) across government departments and agencies for use by businesses for all government filings. 

 

Finally, as a 2009 report of the Council of Canadian Academies notes: “There is no single cause of the innovation problem in Canada, nor is there any one-size-fits-all remedy. Public policy in respect of innovation therefore needs to be informed by a deep understanding of the factors that influence business decision makers, sector by sector. This requires consultation with business people themselves, as well as the further development of innovation surveys and other forms of micro-analysis of the innovation process.”

In that spirit, we hope this consultation on Canada’s innovation agenda is the start of an ongoing dialogue.

 

[1] Talking Trade: Summary Report of the CGA-Canada Roundtables on International Trade, CGA-Canada, July 2014.

Credit: Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada

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Remove barriers to collaboration between government scientists and university researchers

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 09/28/2016 1475079203
Publicly funded research in Canada happens in two places for the most part, in universities, and in government departments and agencies. There is a gr .... Read more

Publicly funded research in Canada happens in two places for the most part, in universities, and in government departments and agencies. There is a great deal of collaborative potential, between these players, as well as community and industry partners, for breakthrough discoveries, impactful applied research, training of the next generation of top researchers and innovators, and potential innovative spin-offs with major economic and social potential. However, there are sometimes policy barriers to effective collaboration (e.g. intellectual property policies, funding arrangements, etc.).

The federal innovation review should look into ways of improving and streamlining collaboration between government departments and agencies, universities, and community and industry partners.

Credit: Memorial University of Newfoundland

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Copyright Board reform is needed

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 09/28/2016 1475074331
Tags:
In order for the creative industries to thrive, Copyright Board reform is urgently needed. Canada’s current Copyright Board process is too slow .... Read more

In order for the creative industries to thrive, Copyright Board reform is urgently needed. Canada’s current Copyright Board process is too slow and too unpredictable, creating a barrier to business. Stakeholders representing both users and rights holders met in Ottawa in May 2016 at the ALAI Symposium entitled, “The Copyright Board of Canada: Which Way Ahead?”, and the outcome was unanimous: stakeholders, experts, academics and legal participants all agreed that the Board’s proceedings are currently prohibitively slow.  The Board’s attempt to address delay issues in 2012 has, after four years, produced no tangible changes. Changes to the Copyright Board’s operations, procedures and processes must be made to ensure that, among other things, proceedings have a defined timeline, that the evidence provided to the Board by experts is reflected in their decisions, and that there are prescribed rate-setting criteria, none of which are presently the case. To do business in the digital era, rights holders and users alike require fast, predictable and marketplace-based valuations.

Credit: Music Canada

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The case for SBIR – how government's strategic needs can seed small business innovation

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 09/27/2016 1474993723
  At the recent Waterloo Innovation Summit, Innovation, Science and Economic Development minister Navdeep Bains stated, "We (the government) can set .... Read more
 

At the recent Waterloo Innovation Summit, Innovation, Science and Economic Development minister Navdeep Bains stated, "We (the government) can set aside a portion of our resources to support start-ups with the most innovative solutions. We can provide these high-potential companies with the testing ground they need to refine their products and services." But how can the government actually do this? What mechanism could make government procurement an enabler of innovation? Part of the answer is a Canadian Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program.We want to raise the topic head-on and to challenge the government to build SBIR into its "innovation nation" toolbox.SBIR was pioneered by the US in 1982 to stimulate technical innovation and commercialization by small business. The program is so successful that it brands itself as "America's seed fund." and credited as the foundation for success of FedEx, Qualcomm, Amgen and Symantec, providing initial funding support while they were still small, private businesses. SBIR requires government departments and agencies to set aside 2.5% of their external R&D budgets for competition-based awards to small business. The program is coordinated by the US Small Business Administration (SBA) but is implemented and managed by individual government departments to address their respective innovation challenges. Importantly, the US SBIR operates in tight alignment with the Small Business Technology Transfer program (STTR), to encourage research collaboration and IP commercialization with academic institutions. It has also reinforced set-asides that restrict a portion of competitive government procurement to small businesses.In the US and other key competitor countries, SBIR-like programs have been shown to successfully accelerate innovation and facilitate transition from product idea to commercialization. However, not all national SBIR programs are equal, and not all outcomes are effective. Careful attention to program structure and implementation is essential to maximize innovation outcomes and objectives.The US SBIR program has well-defined objectives, a well-structured competitive intake and down-select process, substantial long-term funding commitments, and complementary initiatives that stimulate a spectrum of research, development, and commercialization.A similar SBIR program in Canada is needed because a crucial gap exists in the federal toolkit that supports business innovation. Canadian small businesses often do not have sufficient working capital required to access current funding programs such as the NRC's Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP), and much of Canadian business innovation does not fit into the strict criteria for the SR&ED tax credit program. Without working capital, companies will postpone or reduce R&D until they build up sufficient resources, leading to sub-optimal business innovation and growth and lost opportunity for commercialization success.Revamping federal procurement processes to include a Canadian SBIR program would have the following benefits:• address the need of early stage companies to access up-front working capital;• enable companies to scale-up their innovation capacity from concept through to pre-commercialization;• stimulate responses to ‘grand challenges' relevant to government departments; • provide the government with made-in-Canada solutions that meet its needs for innovative products and services; and,• bring together teams of R&D performers (researchers, technicians, developers and marketing experts) working to solve the government's own procurement needs.The SBIR program we are recommending is different from IRAP, SR&ED, and other loan programs such as the Strategic Aerospace and Defence Initiative (SADI). It would provide 100% up-front funding support directly to small business for innovation and R&D working capital without the requirement for industry matching funds. Unlike SADI, SBIR would not be repayable and would not represent a contingent liability on the balance sheet of a small business. Many government officials point to the Build in Canada Innovation Program (BCIP) as an innovation stimulation success. BCIP is capped in its total funding at $40 million per year, and targets later stage pre-commercialization products at a high technology-readiness level. It does not aim to use government demand for innovation as a stimulus, nor is it focused on small business only.Implemented effectively, a Canadian SBIR program has the potential to stimulate early stage innovation and R&D in small business, increase market-oriented, commercializable products and technologies and, grow the number of global patents for Canadian techniques and technologies. Integrating an SBIR program as part of government procurement would increase alignment of Canadian innovation technologies and products with the needs of government, while nurturing a critical mass of capability in areas of strategic importance.A Canadian SBIR could award additional evaluation points (or project funding) for collaborations with academic institutions including polytechnics, colleges, and universities, for organizations that commit to actively mentor other small businesses, and for women, disadvantaged, and aboriginal-owned businesses. We encourage the government to use this opportunity early in their mandate, to think boldly and creatively and to define an SBIR program that will make Canada more innovative, and help more Canadian small business to grow and create jobs.

Credit: Nobina Robinson

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Get out of the way

Question:What new approaches could be explored to improve government services to businesses?
on 09/25/2016 1474767078
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Do nothing, get out of the way.
Credit: John Galt Society of Nova Scotia

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Review and revise existing mining regulations in light of new technologies

Question:How can regulations be designed to promote innovation across key sectors?
on 09/23/2016 1474661152
Tags: mining 
The government should review existing mining regulations in light of new technologies and techniques that have replaced the realities of early centu .... Read more
  1. The government should review existing mining regulations in light of new technologies and techniques that have replaced the realities of early century mining.
  2. A process should be put in place for innovators to challenge existing regulations.
  3. Engagement process with mining companies, mining service and supply innovators etc. with government regulators. Together, we can better understand both sides and create new strategies on implementing regulations that work in the mining sector.
Credit: Centre for Excellence In Mining Innovation, CEMI

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