Global science excellence
Increased Target Funding for Research and Development
Engineers Canada is supportive of government investment in research, development and innovation in Canada, and strongly supports the cooperation between the engineering profession and the federal government. Federal government support for research, development and innovation helps to ensure adequate funds are available to support the procurement and retention of talent and to reinforce the position of Canada as a good place to invest, as well as to develop our domestic intellectual property.
Currently, Canada is seen to be lagging behind other developed nations within the international community in terms of research, development, and innovation investments. The Science, Technology and Innovation Council (2015) delineates that “poor business innovation performance is Canada’s most ‘profound and urgent’ science, technology and innovation challenge.”[i] Investing in research and development projects and activities allows businesses and post-secondary institutions to develop new designs and products that improve efficiency, promote environmental stewardship and enhance economic diversity. By providing support, the federal government can help Canadian innovators create products and businesses that promote economic growth and job creation.
The federal government should support the increased target funding for research and development investments within post-secondary institutions, businesses and professions. Increased federal funding should be focused within science, technological, engineering, and mathematics research fields, specifically directed at health, natural and social sciences, innovation investments, and infrastructure projects. The federal government should continue to explore ways in which Canada can improve its competitiveness, output and quality of life for all Canadians.
A clear plan is required to support research and development investments across Canada that works in partnership with non-profit organizations, universities and the private sector. The federal government has a role to play in identifying and directing funding and investment to potentially high value activities and sectors that are known to be areas of strength for Canada in the global market.
Remove Barriers to Commercialization and Technology Transfers within Program Requirements
In 2011, Engineers Canada released a report entitled “Putting the Pieces Together: A Response to the Review of Federal Support to Research and Development.” In this report, Engineers Canada recommended that the federal government work to ensure that the requirements to qualify for grants and incentives do not include elements or barriers that may be stifling commercialization, specifically for various Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council programs.
The difficulties faced in securing intellectual property ownership of engineering-related research, design and development can limit the commercialization of joint academic and business research and development. Allowing intellectual property costs to be covered by funding programs, and ensuring that the other requirements do not put proprietary information in the public domain before intellectual property issues are resolved, could facilitate the commercialization of much research and development work.
Companies benefit from owning the intellectual property that emerges from their investments in research and development as it increases their evaluation, appears as an asset on a balance sheet, is expected by their investors and purchasers, and it imposes a barrier to entry for competition. With removed barriers to commercialization and technology transfers within program requirements, the federal government can increase demand for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduates.
Maximizing Talent and Knowledge
Overall, Canada’s engineering profession is finding it difficult to attract and retain highly qualified professionals for positions. There are some indications of dwindling talent in the areas of computer and information sciences, applied mathematics and computer software engineering. In engineering, mechanical, electrical, and civil engineering remain the disciplines with the largest undergraduate enrolment, in that order. In 2013, the three major engineering disciplines “accounted for 52.4% of undergraduate enrolments [in Canada]. This is down marginally from the 54.0% share of enrolments in 2009.”[ii]
Engineers Canada supports and agrees with the federal government’s investment in research, development, and innovation in Canada. By developing a strategic approach to investment, streamlining program delivery helping to create the conditions to attract talent and knowledge both here and from abroad, and by drawing on linkages between businesses, academia, professionals, and the government, the federal government can help foster increased research and development investments in Canada that benefit hard working Canadians.
[i] CBC News (2015). “Canada slipping behind on innovation, says advisory council.” Retrieved online October 03, 2016 from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/innovation-report-1.3347081.
[ii] Engineers Canada (2013). “Canadian Engineers for Tomorrow: Trends in Engineering Enrolment and Degrees Awarded: 2009-2013.” Retrieved September 9, 2016 from: https://www.engineerscanada.ca/sites/default/files/enrolmentreport2013-en-3.pdf.
Larger ideas would make the idea of a greener country and culture more exciting and therefore more possible as we create exciting employment opportunities in many areas of the economy! Let's not only look for Band-Aid solutions to clean up existing technologies or approaches, but instead, create ways to utilize new and budding methodologies to augment those that already exist. For example, what can we do with rainwater that falls on the roofs of office towers and runs off 20+ storeys to augment the amount of electricity it uses?
Of course a lot of alternatives already exist and some such as tidal energy in the Bay of Fundy is still at the developmental phase, but Canada should take it to the next level by combining existing alternatives while discovering new ones.
Mitacs is doing a great job . More funding will increase demand for science,technology and math graduates and we will make best use of our science and research strengths.With more funding,Mitacs will be able expand its program.
By looking in the Canadian occupation project system, the occupation outlook range from surplus( computer programmer and interactive media developer,web designer and developer,electronic service technician,support technician and information systems technician) to shortage.From the information gathered, it seems these graduates are not in the right places( small medium businesses and medium businesses).
To solve the issue, there could be wage subsidies for hiring science,technology,engineering and math graduates for small business and medium business.The wage subsidy could vary,depending on the company's total revenue.
The professions part of the surplus outlook should not be part of the subsidy program in order to be efficient to the most and to not waste resources. The career connect ICT wage subsidy program could serve as model for the new program. A company should not be eligible to the career connect ICT wage subsidy and the new program at the same time.
More science, technology,engineering and math graduates hired by small business and medium business equal to more growth nationally and more growth for the businesses.
National Occupation Classification
Canadian Occupational Projection System
Career Connect ICT wage subsidy : http://www.ictc-ctic.ca/what-we-do/programs/talent-programs/employers/
There is not enough innovation in Canada .There is a lot offered on the supply-side (Federal government help,Provincial government help,Mitacs,Research Councils...) but the demand from the businesses is lagging. To solve the problem and spur innovation , the Federal government needs to work with the Provinces in order to increase the competition across all sectors. More competition will generate more demand for science,technology,engineering and math graduates.
A primarily service economy, cannot be at the same time an innovation economy.
Government funding of research in Canada is sub par in many respects. There also needs to be a better recognition that basic science research, not directly linked to industrial applications, is very important. Current attitudes, look for instant gratification instead of a longer term vision. Scandinavian countries (with smaller economies than Canada) should be emulated, in their willingness to *fully* fund basic science and research.
Gov't should encourage businesses to do research and development. Closer partnership between universities and industry in education in the applied sciences, joint MSc and PhD programs with companies an Universities.
Tax credits for private sector research should be targeted to such partnerships, and be results oriented -- how many graduated, how many hired. Higher education should not be a quest to produce as many graduates as possible, but rather a quest to match demand with supply. If universities bore at least some of the burden of matching graduates with employers, we would end up with better curricular, and better alignment of numbers of graduates with the national/regional job futures.
It is unfortunate that the Gov't Job Futures projections does not include scientific research as an independent category, rather it is buried deep under "other" professional services.
I grew up sorrounded by machineries for a family-owned manufacturing corporation.In 1964 I accidentally discovered nature's force that someday somehow I maybe able to harness it.In 2014 I had made my 64th prototype of an edson power plant(hydraulics design power plant)my namesake for I could not find an alternative industrial name for it and a better chance for understanding.In 1974 I discovered that mosquitos are attracted to music.In 2015 I offered my mosquito extinguisher through music to our Secretary of Health- Department of Health(DOH) for further research & development to no avail.This year 2016 I have a crude prototype of the technology.In 1979 through fearless research and development on electrons that almost knocked me down and almost burned our house to the ground I discovered the electric impulse(wireless)driven car powered by a 110/220 volts AC/DC electrical currents but due to lack of funds I was not able to provide a crude prototype because there are two areas to consider.one is the electrons capacity to jump which is already have a solution and the hardest part is the non-electrocution of humans itself.
You might be interested on its technology I am more than willing to collaborate.
Edson R. Cagape
Build Arctic Deep Seaports along Northwest Passage (NWP): from MacKenzie Bay (NT) to Cape Dyer (NU). Building infrastructure in Arctic region require collaboration among several departments: NRC, NDC, U of Calgary, Public Safety Canada. Global warming has greater effects on warming Arctic, more commercial and recreational ships are roaming the lower Arctic. Canada shall have Federal deep seaports for various operations such as sovereignty patrol, Arctic Research, Cold Technology infrastructures, Canada North Warning system (Canada’s own) Building Arctic Deep Seaports need specialized scientist, engineers and human resources from various fields.
Artificial Intelligent (AI) can be human-like robots or animal-like robots, or computers. To build an AI and to form an AI Institute require scientists and engineers from multidiscipline; biochemistry, cell biology, computer engineers, mathematicians, etc. Artificial Intelligent Institute (AII) shall responsible for recruiting scientists and engineers, supporting staff for the organization. AII must report directly to NDC, CSEC and CSIS for any progress and testing.
Tax policies can influence the decision by a foreign investor to move a company or leave it where it is headquartered and should be used strategically to address Canada’s competitive performance on measures of business enterprise and industrial R&D and to create more opportunities for companies to create jobs, stay here and grow.
Tax policies can influence the decision by a foreign investor to move a company or leave it where it is headquartered and should be used strategically to address Canada's competitive performance on measures of business enterprise and industrial R&D and to create more opportunities for companies to create jobs, stay here and grow.
les établissements d'enseignements des provinces peuvent chercher et communiquer avec les meilleurs étudiants étrangers dans leurs pays d'origine et leurs proposer des inscriptions aux établissements de Canada avec des bourses de mérite .
Love begin by initiative .. when we creat initiative to seed a field ..this field will be green and give us vegetable and fruit ..
When Igenerate feeling of love using telepathy with everything such as life ,sciences, earth ,plant and everyone .
Step by step I discovered many discoveries :
1- new Power Generator using lighting energy https://youtu.be/5UGiKv5n9Vo
2- Treatment of flu during minutes .
3- New biological cells can generate high power .
4- Having telepathy with plants to increase Oxygen and increase Spring season .
There is currently a lack of private research facilities as most exist directly affiliated with government departments and colleges. If more research grants existed for companies and startups to develop research facilities and studies within their organizations, more research-based STEM positions would exist as opposed to technical-based and the demand for STEM graduates would increase. Currently, many STEM graduates work in non-STEM positions as there are more STEM graduates than the current demand calls for. Moreover, many STEM-related public policy decisions are currently made by those without a STEM background. This is likely because STEM graduates follow research and innovation which, at the moment, would deter them from public policy positions.
- We would like to encourage more teaching on the basics of mining and on mining’s contribution to the economy within the school curriculum as mining technology is slowly transforming mining into a high skill and high-tech industry. Make the connection to students that mining ranges from exploration to environmental reclamation (careers across the entire mining process).
- Subsidize the mining supply and service companies that hire and develop science, technology, engineering and math graduates.
- Support the service sector companies to have junior high-school level interns in their businesses to show them how interesting these kinds of careers can be.
The advent of additive manufacturing will see growth in local and Point of use manufacturing.
Increased focus on new manufacturing methods and design method changes at the university school level will establish Canadian engineering as a net exporter of "Digital Goods"
There is strong research to show that the Government can increase the demand for STEM education in post-secondary by providing early exposure to these fields in a manner that is innovative, engaging and sparks the curiosities of young children. Emphasizing experiential learning opportunities and integrative digital skills curriculum across all of the traditional educational disciplines will serve to re-iterate the value of STE(Arts)M skills to kids through the course of their education, but also serve to dismantle stereotypes like “girls hate math” or “boys are better at science and tech”. Exposing young children to these skills and opportunities as early as 4 and 5 years of age, and in different ways, will ensure greatest appeal to both girls and boys. Parents, teachers and caretakers much also be encouraged to learn with their kids and be incentivized to engage, even if this means “failing forward”. Having the ability to adapt and learn how to problem solve in an environment that is not clearly defined and where outcomes are not known is essential to building a more innovative talent pool and culture. One way to support the creation of this environment is for the government to provide support and incentives to non-traditional educators, like Kids Code Jeunesse, who work with teachers, parents and kids to help make digital skills fun and easy to learn.
More research is available bere:http://theesa.ca/resources/playing-for-the-future-2/
Messages principaux :
- Faire connaître très tôt les carrières du secteur des TIC.
- Soutenir financièrement les efforts des établissements scolaires et autres organismes (ex. TECHNOCompétences) dans la promotion du secteur des TIC chez les jeunes, notamment auprès des
- S’assurer que les programmes de subvention en place ou à venir incitent les universités, par des critères spécifiques, à faire de la recherche appliquée et à collaborer avec les entreprises. On constate le peu de résultats des collaborations universités-entreprises en recherche fondamentale. Les délais sont trop longs pour notre industrie, où tout évolue très rapidement.
By putting certain disciplines in silos, we are limiting the scope of their understanding. By integrating arts and humanities' knowledge in to traditional science, technology, engineering and math, we will create more well-rounded graduates and the demand for them will be higher.
By putting certain disciplines in silos, we are limiting the scope of their understanding. By integrating arts and humanities' knowledge in to traditional science, technology, engineering and math, we will create more well-rounded graduates and the demand for them will be higher.
Making informed career decisions has always been challenging for youth who are at the beginning of their professional lives. Balancing academic interests, program affordability, and job prospects is becoming more difficult in the twenty-first century workforce. Compounding that is the reality that we live in an era where labour shortages continue to exist while thousands of young Canadians find it difficult to find a job. Comprehensive labour market data is needed for young people to make informed career decisions as well as to inform government in their own policy development. This data could influence the quality of education, workforce investments and perceptions regarding the ‘skills gap’ between the needs of employers and the education provided to recent graduates.
Details of suggested reforms can be found in the report entitled “Working Together to Build a Better Labour Market Information System for Canada”, and include measures such as an improved job vacancy survey, stronger local labour market analysis in Service Canada, and other measures.
Further to these reforms, there are several unknown and misunderstood factors in the area of youth employment. We do not have consistent, nationwide data pertaining to the factors that influence Canadian employers’ choices with regards to hiring youth. Nor are we equipped with detailed breakdowns as to which youth populations face the greatest difficulties in finding employment, limiting our ability to reach out to the right youth, in the right way, in order to build relevant programs and implement intelligent social policy. We also lack data on local, regional, and provincial contexts that impact the state of youth employment.
Existing labour market indicators suggest that there is already a high demand for science, technology, engineering and math graduates (STEM), but growth is hampered by insufficient supply of graduates in these fields. Rather than looking for methods to increase the already high demand for these individuals, government should examine ways to reduce barriers to individuals who have traditionally not participated in these areas of study to increase the supply of trained graduates to fill those jobs.
Government must have the pertinent resources made available to them in order to make data driven decisions. In doing so, it can shape policy that will influence education and the private sector based on the reality of the day. Government must also ensure that the decisions it makes in regards to the labour market are proactive rather than reactive. Labour demands are ever changing and government policy should reflect that. That is why CASA has continued to call on the federal government to continue to invest in comprehensive labour market information systems.
 Conference Board of Canada, Percentage of Graduates in Science, Engineering, Math, Computer Science, and Engineering, 2016, Ottawa ON, Accessed Online: http://www.conferenceboard.ca/hcp/details/education/graduates-science-math-computer-science-engineerin.aspx
Every Idea requires proof. Each hypothesis requires to be approved. Unfortunately, Canada is lacking the basic requirements for a company to innovate. All governmental support require an IP; however, to obtain an IP, you require rigorous testing. With current lack of jobs and time, young entrepreneurs have to reach out to angel investors. Angel investors will not look at your idea or business plan without an IP. This is a vicious cycle of business failure in Canada prior to their lunch. Thus, you have to have a rich family to establish a business in Canada; this is Inequality at work. This is why Ideas never come alive.
Innovation plays a crucial role in catalyzing economic growth and supporting job creation. Greater emphasis on R&D activities will demand both high quality science and human capital i.e. technology, engineering and math graduates.
Participatory research approaches bring valuable opportunities to engage science graduates in research projects and knowledge transfer (KT) activities on the ground. It can also help foster trust and relationships between researchers and end-users, and helps ensure research responds more effectively to end-users’ needs by developing technologies that can be adopted more widely. The inclusion of specialized staff for KT activities in innovation strategies, the integration of KT objectives into the mandates of key institutions and enhanced collaboration across the sector can enable the environment needed to both increase demand of S&T talent and implement new participatory research methods and enable effective knowledge transfer.
There is increased industry interest in workforce integrated learning approaches that provide post-secondary students with work experience while they are attending an educational institution. Increased support for these programs would help to heighten the demand for science, technology, engineering and math graduates with Canadian industry.
Create a Canadian Dream. The human condition works best when it is striving for something. Just like JFKs declaration of going to the moon. These tech businesses do best when they are researching towards a goal, and when there's a big/local buyer for their research and people. A space dream, of sending a Canadian made rover to the moon, a Canadian built fighter jet, etc. These things drive innovation at home and create a sense of pride and unity. It is a well known fact that money put into space research pays out incredible returns for the money put into it. This is the unifying goal. Why have start ups do business here when they're going to work with projects in the US or Europe? Why stay here after studying if all the major research is being done in another country. We need a home grown dream and a goal. These big projects demand skills and expertise from every corner of the tech sector and give it a reason to grow locally, otherwise its local businesses doing business internationally where the projects are happening, in which case why not move closer?
I've written in the past that companies need to have their own competence. I'm convinced there are concrete returns on having trained, experienced people on staff who can help solve problems and come up with innovative new solutions. Anecdotally, I've seen where a technologist, engineer, scientist, or mathematician can provide value far greater than their annual cost in a matter of minutes.
We need to convince Canadian industry of that value.
I think we can do this in 5 steps:
1. Fund impartial research into the return on investment for STEM graduates in a variety of industries. Look at the value of employees vs. using outside contractors.
2. Once the research inevitably shows the value of such employees, hire an experienced advertising company to come up with a number of television, radio, and print advertisements. You want to catch decision-makers while they're not at work, and you want to target them with a message that gets the point across without putting them into 'business mode'. Besides practical benefits, emotional benefits of having qualified people to help would be good to sell too. Point to the bank created in the next step. Air the ads nationally.
3. Create a 'national STEM bank' where confirmed STEM professionals can post details about their careers online. Something like "Canadian linkedin for nerds". The more you can focus on the social part, the better. Providing value to STEM professionals, such as making it a national hub for continuous professional development opportunities, volunteer opportunities, and events of interest to STEM professionals would be excellent. Getting in touch with companies or organizations that do stuff like that in each region would be win-win. Then provide access to Canadian employers to the bank. Get professional organizations like oacett and peo involved, as well as community colleges.
4. Incentivize STEM professionals to publish articles in trade journals and the like, and employers of STEM professionals to allow them to. Whether it's tax breaks, or some other incentive, lots of good work is hiding behind a curtain -- and often it's not intended to be proprietary research. Promote Canadian STEM professionals using their professional post-nominal titles when publishing.
5. If step 4 successfully gets more Canadian STEM articles written, modify the national ad campaign to share success stories of Canadian STEM professionals, focusing on the prestige of companies that invested in Canadian STEM professionals, and the benefits those companies reaped.
The time-tested method and process of nurturing young minds is the surest way to increase demand for STEM graduates. STEM graduates are a product of inquisitive, curious, motivated and highly-analytical minds. These minds should be nurtured and taken cared of at a very young age.
- Playground for children (e.g. building blocks and LEGO bricks) in covered public recreation areas should be provided for free so that parents can bring them there or anywhere where it can be accessed.
- Television programs on science and technology should occupy and be given enough airtime for children all-year long.
- Year-round training and recruitment of STEM teachers to nurture these young minds should be ramp up. Government funding for specially-gifted children in STEM subjects should be mobilized as well as for teachers' training.
From young age to high-school, intensive STEM (in my case, mathematics) should be developed in the individual's mind, provide enough competition at national and international level,motivational reward and recognition. Financial support, again, plays a great role to mold and create a scientific mind. By these, a "innovation culture" will be developed as a national image and part of way of life.
- A far-out idea but effective one is to recognize and construct statue honoring Canadian STEM heroes. These statues of scientists, engineers, mathematicians and technologists should be placed in central plaza or areas accessible and familiar to people, especially to children because their curiosity and inspiration will be developed upon knowing the stories of these STEM heroes and why they have these statues honoring them.
Decrease immigration volumes so that employers don’t bypass Canadian graduates by bringing in foreign hires. Maybe offer a tax credit for some hours a more senior employee trains a more junior employee? Employers should be able to work with what they have in a country like Canada. It is already well known that Canadian companies notoriously under-invest in employee training compared to our peers. That’s a harmful employer culture we have to change.
If you ask university faculty they will say the same thing, that their graduates are good and companies don't need to bring in foreign hires. For now let's decrease immigration levels to a quarter of the current rate, which has been much greater than the immigration rate per capita in the US for a long time now. That will without a doubt incentivize Canadian companies to take a much harder look at our STEM graduates.
Increased training offered by employers, either through tax credits or legislating business investment in training. Employers have gotten poorly accustomed to having a large volume of more than qualified people to choose from. We need to change that employer culture to something more collaborative with the community, track and publish statistics of how companies are doing in this regard.
Integration of science, innovation and entrepreneurship education should start early, at the elementary and even preschool and make it fun and exciting, not difficult or unusual.